How to Identify Bipolar Sickness

Bipolar sickness or disorder is characterized by incidents of serious depressive and maniac episodes. These episodes happen with sudden mood swings going from phases of being extremely irritable to being extremely sad. These changes happen both ways and can really happen in short intervals. Patients typically develop a pattern of those mood swings and therefore an analysis of this pattern will allow predicting the patient’s next behavior.

bipolar sickness

There are particular indications that allow distinguishing between depression and mania.

 

Signs of Mania Phase

 

Here is a list of the typical signs to identify that a bipolar patient in the mania phase:

1. Hyperactivity, also leading to agitation and fast talking

2. Excessive irritability

3. Poor judgment

4. Feelings of high excitement and exuberance

5. High self-consciousness and strong belief in the own powers

6. Aggressive behaviors

7. Higher than usual sexual desires

8. Misuse of drugs, such as cocaine, alcohol, medications

9. Self-denial that something is wrong

 

Signs of Depressive Phase

 

In the depressive phase a bipolar patient may be recognized by these symptoms:

1. Continuous sadness and anxiousness

2. Feelings of guilt and unworthiness

3. Pessimistic outlook

4. Feeling of exhaustion even when not being physically active

5. Low energy levels even when just doing ordinary activities

6. Low desire for sex

7. Poor judgment

8. Chronic pains that are not resulting from a physical illness

9. Lack of appetite

10. Suicidal thoughts

 mania and depressive phase

Development of Bipolar Disorder

 

Bipolar disorder usually begins in the teenage years and is then present through the entire remaining life. The challenge of this condition is the fact that it is hard to recognize as an illness, but it is rather considered as an attitude issue similar to attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity. For this reason bipolar patients endure a long suffering and it is possible that they develop other problems including drug consumption and excessive drinking, poor performance on the job, breaking up marriages and relationships, and having even suicidal thoughts. It is estimated that around 2 million people in America are suffering from bipolar disorder.

There are certain development patterns of the mood stages of bipolar disorder. Hypomania is observed in the early phases of this condition. This phase is characterized by very high levels of energy that may result in impulsive and reckless actions. The affected individual will deny that he is doing anything wrong and will insist that his behavior is appropriate. For family members and friends the behavior will signify that something is wrong with the person. It is possible that the early indications of bipolar disorder are mistakenly interpreted as having other causes, such as alcohol or drug consumption.

 

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder

 

There are numerous treatment options to deal with bipolar disorder and stabilization of the mood.

Lithium is a well-known mood stabilizer. It is an effective medication to manage the mania and reoccurrence of the depressive and mania periods. In recent clinical studies of instances of refractory bipolar disorder carbamazepine and valproate were additionally added as anticonvulsants. The effectiveness of anticonvulsants was tested by scientists through the process of kindling. This is a process whereby the brain continuously raises its stress sensitivity ultimately resulting in abnormal behaviors and activities. Lithium is blocking this kindling process in the early phases; valproate and carbamazepine are effective in blocking the kindling in later stages. Valproate is recommended for acute instances of mania. It is approved by the FDA. For patients with extreme cases of bipolar disorder and those that do not react to the medications, another treatment is the so called ECT or electroconvulsive therapy. Benzodiazepine medications, for example lorazepam and clonazepam, are useful to counteract the effects of hyperactivity.

 

Conclusion

 

Bipolar disorder is in fact a mental illness that should not be left without treatment or otherwise more complications may develop for instance behavioral and psychological problems. For finding the most appropriate treatment it is important to analyze the patterns of behavior and if the condition is identified early on, there are lots of effective treatments to manage the problem.

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